The fact that Mongolia and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) have maintained relatively continuous friendly relations with each other since 1948 may surprise some. In fact, there has always been a mutual understanding between the two peoples, which at first sight and from the outside was difficult to understand. But the ‘chemistry’ between them was simply right. On the one hand, this may have had to do with the fact that the same great powers had intervened in the creation of both states, and that in Ulaanbaatar and Pyongyang they saw themselves in a community of destiny.
The world is on the move. The fourth industrial revolution and the associated digitalisation of society have long since begun. Who will determine the new world order? Who will emerge victorious from it? The power struggle to reorder international relations is felt daily and worldwide. Mongolia, too, must determine its foreign policy coordinates and integrate. At this time, it makes sense both to look back and to work out new concepts. Here is a review by a German Mongolist from the perspective of 2016.